Harvey S. Firestone : ハーベイ・ファイアストーン

Harvey Samuel Firestone (December 20, 1868 – February 7, 1938) was an American businessman, and the founder of the Firestone Tire and Rubber Company, one of the first global makers of automobile tires.

Family Background

Firestone was born on the Columbiana, Ohio farm built by his paternal grandfather. He was the second of Benjamin and Catherine (née Flickinger) Firestone’s three sons; Benjamin had a son and a daughter by his first wife.

Firestone’s paternal great-great-great-grandfather, (Hans) Nicholas Feuerstein, immigrated from Berg/Alsace/France, in 1753, and settled in Pennsylvania. Three of Nicholas’s sons – including Harvey’s great-great-grandfather, Johan Nicholas – changed their surname to “Firestone”, the English translation of the family’s German name “Feuerstein”. Firestone’s birthplace was moved years later to Greenfield Village, a 90-acre (360,000 m2) historical site founded by Henry Ford.

On November 20, 1895, Firestone married Idabelle Smith. They eventually had seven children. Notable great-grandchildren include: Andrew Firestone, Nick Firestone, and William Clay Ford, Jr. (the son of Henry Ford‘s grandson and Harvey and Idabelle’s granddaughter Martha).

Education and Career

After graduating from Columbiana High School, Firestone worked for the Columbus Buggy Company in Columbus, Ohio before starting his own company in 1890, making rubber tires for carriages. In 1900 he soon saw the huge potential for marketing tires for automobiles and then founded the Firestone Tire and Rubber Company, a pioneer in the mass production of tires. In 1926 he published a book, Men and Rubber: The Story of Business, which was written in collaboration with Samuel Crowther.

Death

In 1938, Firestone died of coronary thrombosis.

The Millionaires’ Club

Firestone, Henry Ford, and Thomas Edison were generally considered the three leaders in American industry at the time, and often worked and vacationed together. All three were part of a very exclusive group titled “The Millionaires’ Club.”

Legacy

The main library of Princeton University is named Firestone Library in his honor. It is among the largest university libraries in the world. On August 3, 1950, the Harvey S Firestone Memorial, a large sculpture ensemble dedicated to Firestone, created by sculptors James Earle Fraser and Donald De Lue was dedicated. It is located at Bridgestone Firestone Inc., 1200 Firestone Parkway in Akron, Ohio. In 1974, Firestone was inducted into the Automotive Hall of Fame. Firestone High School in Akron, Ohio, is named in his honor. There is a Harvey S Firestone Park in Columbiana, Ohio. The town Harbel in Liberia, home to Firestone’s rubber plantation, the largest in the world, is named after Firestone and his wife Isabelle.
ハーベイ・サミュエル・ファイアストーン(1868年12月20日 – 1938年2月7日)は、アメリカ合衆国の企業家。ファイアストン・タイヤ・アンド・ラバー・カンパニーを創立した。20世紀前半にアメリカを世界の工場へと導いた企業家のうちの一人。

概要

ファイアストーン家はアルザスに起源を持つドイツ系移民の家系であり、元の姓はフォイアーシュタイン(Feuerstein)。

ファイアストーンはオハイオ州コロンビアの小さな町にドイツ系アメリカ人として生まれた。彼は馬車会社で働いた後、1890年に会社を設立し馬車用のゴムタイヤを製造し始めた。

1904年にファイアストーンはヘンリー・フォードの自動車用のタイヤ製造を行った。1900年にはファイアストン・タイヤ・アンド・ラバー・カンパニーを創立し、同社は世界最大の会社の一つとなる。ファイアストーンはタイヤ製造と共にゴムの木からゴムを安定供給することに関わった。同社は一時期リベリアに4,000km2(100万エーカー)に及ぶゴム園を保有した。

ファイアストーン、フォードおよびトーマス・エジソンは当時アメリカ産業界におけるリーダーと見なされ、彼らはしばしば共に働き、また共に休暇を取った。エジソンは1969年、ファイアストーンは1974年に、それぞれ自動車殿堂入りしている。

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