Ross Perot : ロス・ペロー

Henry Ross Perot (born June 27, 1930) is an American business magnate and former politician. As the founder of the successful Electronic Data Systems corporation, he became a billionaire. He ran an independent presidential campaign in 1992 and a third party campaign in 1996, establishing the Reform Party in the latter election. Both campaigns were among the strongest presidential showings by a third party or independent candidate in U.S. history.

Born in Texarkana, Texas, he became a salesman for IBM after serving in the United States Navy. In 1962, he founded Electronic Data Systems, a data processing service company. In 1984, General Motors bought a controlling interest in the company for $2.4 billion. Perot established Perot Systems in 1988 and was an angel investor for NeXT, a computer company founded by Steve Jobs after he left Apple. Perot also became heavily involved in the Vietnam War POW/MIA issue, arguing that hundreds of American servicemen were left behind in Southeast Asia after the Vietnam War. During President George H. W. Bush‘s tenure, Perot became increasingly active in politics and strongly opposed the Gulf War and ratification of the North American Free Trade Agreement.

In 1992, Perot announced his intention to run for president and advocated a balanced budget, an end to the outsourcing of jobs, and the enactment of electronic direct democracy (E-democracy). A June 1992 Gallup poll showed Perot leading a three-way race against President Bush and presumptive Democratic nominee Bill Clinton. Perot briefly withdrew from the race in July, but re-entered the race in early October after he qualified for all 50 state ballots. He chose Admiral James Stockdale as his running mate and appeared in the 1992 CPD debates with Bush and Clinton. In the election, Perot won 18.9% of the popular vote but did not win any electoral votes. He won support from across the ideological and partisan spectrum, but performed best among self-described moderates. Perot ran for president again in 1996, establishing the Reform Party as a vehicle for his campaign. He won 8.4% of the popular vote against President Clinton and Republican nominee Bob Dole.

Perot did not seek public office again after 1996 and did not enter the 2000 Reform Party presidential primaries. He endorsed Republican George W. Bush over Reform nominee Pat Buchanan in the 2000 election and supported Republican Mitt Romney in 2008 and 2012. In 2009, Dell acquired Perot Systems for $3.9 billion. According to Forbes, Perot was the 167th richest person in the United States in 2016.

ヘンリー・ロス・ペロー(1930年6月27日 – )は、アメリカ合衆国の実業家であり政治家。1992年と1996年の大統領選に立候補した。




海軍大尉で退役後の1956年、IBMに入社する。5年間勤務の後、ITサービス企業のElectronic Data Systems社(EDS)を起業する。当初は営業面で苦戦したもののアメリカ政府からメディケア関係の業務委託を受注して急成長し1968年には株式上場した。1984年にEDSはゼネラルモーターズに買収されペローも同社の経営陣に名を連ねるが、同社の官僚主義的な体質と馴染めずに退社。その後スティーブ・ジョブスが創業したNeXTに出資、また1988年にはEDSと同じビジネス分野で新たにペロー・システムズを創業した。なお、ペロー・システムズは2009年に大手PCメーカーのデルに買収された。